Tobago is the smaller of the two main islands that make up Trinidad and Tobago. It is located in the southern Caribbean, northeast of Trinidad and southeast of Grenada. Tobago was named for the tobacco cultivated by the original Carib population.
Tobago was first sighted in 1498 by Christopher Columbus but no attempts were made to colonize Tobago. At the time of European contact, Tobago was inhabited by the Caribs. The first European visitors appear to have been the English in 1580. The first settlers were the Courlanders in 1654. It changed hands 33 times between Courland (vassal of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth), Spain, England, France, Sweden, and the Dutch Republic until in 1814 it became part of the British Empire. In 1889 Tobago was united with Trinidad into a British crown colony. In 1962 they became an independent Commonwealth nation of Trinidad and Tobago and in 1976 a republic.
Tobago is primarily hilly and of volcanic origin. The south-west of the island is flat and consists largely of coralline limestone. The north-east of the island is mountainous and the Tobago Forest Reserve (or the Main Ridge Reserve) claims to be the oldest protected forests in the Western world. It was designated as a protected Crown reserve on April 17, 1776 and has remained a protected area ever since.
This forested area has great biodiversity including many species of birds, mammals, frogs, (nonpoisonous) snakes, butterflies and other invertebrates. It is one of the most approachable areas of rainforest, since it is relatively small and there are government-appointed guides who provide an authoritative guiding service through the forest at a reasonable cost. The guides are knowledgeable about the plants and the animals, and can call down rare and exotic birds from the canopy by imitating their calls.
Little Tobago, the small neighbouring island, supports some of the best dry forest remaining in Tobago. Little Tobago and St. Giles Island are important seabird nesting colonies, with Red-billed Tropicbird, Magnificent Frigatebird and Audubon's Shearwater amongst others.
The amazing diving, the rich culture, natural sites and picturesque beaches make Tobago an ideal location to live.
For more information on Tobago please visit http://www.gotrinidadandtobago.com/.